Gluten is a protein composite in wheat, rye and barley. It gives bread dough its elasticity and baked goods their chewiness. Casein is a protein in dairy products. Both can cause inflammation in the intestine. Some parents of children with autism have reported improvement in symptoms, including chronic constipation, chronic diarrhea, and gastroesophageal reflux disease, as a result of the diet.
Find more information on the gluten-free, casein-free diet here.